!!Happy Independance Day 2020 India!!
11 interesting facts about independence day: After nearly 200 years of slavery, India gained independence from the clutches of British rule on August 15, 1947.
The great freedom fighters of India and the heroic grandsons sacrificed their entire lives for this freedom. Today the country is going to celebrate the 74th Independence Day.
11 interesting facts Independance Day 2020 India
In this case, you should also know some very interesting things related to Independence Day.
1. Midnight of August 15, 1947 Declaration of Independence
At midnight on August 15, 1947, when the whole of India was asleep, the then Prime Minister of the country, Jawaharlal Nehru, declared independence in India.
2. Why was Mahatma Gandhi not able to join the celebration of independence?
When the country was celebrating independence on August 15, 1947, the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi was not present.
In fact, at that time he was on a fast to end the Hindu-Muslim communal violence in Noakhali, West Bengal.
3. Why do all the PMs give speeches from the Red Fort itself?
In fact, the Red Fort, built by Shah Jahan in the 17th century, came to be seen as a symbol of power in the national capital, Delhi.
However, this was ignored for some time during the British rule.
But, before independence, it again became important for Indians.
The British had chosen the Red Fort as the venue for the court martial of three Indian Army soldiers who had fought against the British.
When Nehru became the Prime Minister, he chose this place to address his countrymen.
However, according to a report published in a Hindi website AU, the tricolor was not hoisted from the Red Fort on August 15, 1947.
Instead, Nehru hoisted the tricolor flag from the Red Fort on August 16, 1947.
Which Other Countries celebrate their Independence Day on August 15?
Five more countries celebrate their Independence Day on August 15.
1st. North and South Korea. Rival Korean countries celebrate August 15 as ‘National Liberation Day of Korea’. This day is celebrated in 1945 as the end of the Japanese occupation of the Korean Peninsula.
2nd. Also Bahrain, which declared independence from the UK in 1971. They also celebrate the anniversary of their independence on August 15.
3rd. Liechtenstein is one of the smallest countries in the world. The country has been celebrating this day as the birthday of Prince Franz-Joseph since 1940.
4th. The Democratic Republic of the Congo also celebrates independence from France in 1960.
What is the main difference between Independence Day and Republic Day?
Independence Day (August 15) is celebrated. On this day power was handed over from Britain to India.
On the other hand, Republic Day (January 26) is celebrated. The Constitution of India was officially implemented on the same day. After which the country formally became a republic.
Who wrote the national anthem of India and when?
The national anthem was originally written by the Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore.
The first edition of “Jana Mana Gana” was written by the great poet Tagore in 1910-11 and was declared the national anthem in the year 1950.
Who designed the national flag of India?
The Indian national flag was designed by educationist and freedom fighter Pingali Venkaiah.
Venkaiah was from Machilipatnam (now in Andhra Pradesh).
However, according to Times Now News, the initial flag design was designed for the Indian National Congress.
However, it was later revised and dedicated to the country.
Who said Swaraj is my birth right and I shall have it.?
Bal Gangadhar Tilak has been an important contributor in the ongoing nationalist movements in the country.
Tilak strongly advocated the idea of self-government or Swaraj. He was the one who gave the slogan ‘Swaraj is my birth right and I shall have it‘.
Who designed the Parliament of India?
The Parliament House was designed by Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker in 1912-13. It took six years to build this building.
The foundation stone was laid by the Duke of Connaught in 1921. At that time its construction cost was Rs. 83 lakhs.
Its spherical shape is believed to be inspired by Ashoka Charak.
What was the population of India at the time of independence?
According to the English website Times Now, after the partition, the estimated population of India was 325-30 million.
Whereas, Pakistan had 70 million. The first post-partition census took place in 1951. Of India with a total population of 361 million.
Who started the Quit India Movement?
The Quit India Movement was started by Mahatma Gandhi on August 8, 1942 during the Congress party convention in Bombay.
The very next day, Gandhi as well as several other Congress leaders were arrested. It is said to be the largest and last movement against the British government.